Translating Quality of Life Questionnaires II
20 October 1999
R. Breugelmans continued last month's discussion of problems encountered in the translation and cultural adaptation of a quality of life (QOL) questionnaire on stroke.
Some examples of problems presented:
|After discussion with the client:||a.脚
In Japanese, both leg and foot are ashi. Although both
are written using different characters, this was not considered
clear enough, and it was decided to express foot/ankle as
'the part from the tip of the foot to the ankle'.
The audience pointed out, however, that 脚 for leg not necessarily exludes the foot.
|After discussion with the client:||失敗や事故
In patient interviews in other language versions of the
questionnaire, a number of patients thought that mistakes
referred to their strokes. To avoid confusion, it was decided to
translate this item as 'blame yourself for mistakes or mishaps'
in all language versions.
The audience felt that 事故 was too strong, and suggested that 間違いや小さな事故 might work.
|Suggested by back translator:||布団を干す instead of 庭の手入れ|
|After international harmonization:||重度の家事を行うこと|
The number of people owning a yard in Japan was not considered
large enough to justify this example.
The back translator suggested 布団を干す as a good alternative.
However, after international harmonization, it was decided to delete all examples, as they could be considered gender specific.
The audience pointed out however, that the item itself may be considered gender specific.
Also, it was pointed out that 重度の家事 is not natural Japanese. 体力を必要とする家事 was suggested as an alternative.
[back to index of past meetings]